The Trabuco is a medieval war machine used to haul objects above enemy camps and castle walls or to hit at the enemy by launching attack objects above the walls. The weapon is a mechanized version of the sling that can launch projectiles of varied weight to different distances.
The history of the Trabuco
The Chinese first developed them in 4th century B.C. Historical records show that the Nordics used the Trabuco in their war against the Angers in 863 AD, while the Italians used it in 1191 AD.
Richard the Lionheart used the Trabuco to defeat the Acers in 1191 AD according to youtube.com. He used two Trabucos named Bad Neighbor and God’s Own Catapult. Edward Longshanks used a gigantic Trabuco to attack the Stirling Castle in 1304. He called his weapon the Warwolf.
The Mongols of China used the Trabuco to wage a biological war against their Fancheng and the Xiangyang enemies. Arab merchants fighting against Egyptians also used the Trabuco, and so did the Vikings and the Germans. This weapon was also widely used in the Crusades in European countries in the 12th century.
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As early as the eleventh century, the Trabuco was becoming unpopular due to its inconvenience. It required several soldiers to operate, and the soldiers needed to work in synchrony to hit the target without fail.
This was not always possible, and sometimes, the soldiers miscalculated the weight they required against the distance they needed to shoot, thus missing the target. By the 16th century, the Trabuco was obsolete and replaced with black powder and the gun.
In the seventeenth century, the Trabuco was used as a supplement when armies did not have sufficient gunpowder. The British, for Instance, successfully defended the Strait of Gibraltar against an attack by the Spaniards using a Trabuco, since they were short of guns.
For more information about Trabuco, just click http://pt.bab.la/dicionario/espanhol-portugues/trabuco.